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  1. Anthracnose of Raspberry and Blackberry

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/plpath-fru-27

    addition, it may kill canes or weaken them so that they do not survive the winter. Other common names for ... survives the winter in lesions on diseased canes. The following spring and summer, during wet and rainy ... is best to remove old canes during the dormant season (winter or early spring) before new growth ...

  2. Using Cover Crops to Improve Soil and Water Quality

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/anr-57

    rate, planting and killing date. Winter grass cover crops (cereal rye, annual ryegrass) accumulate N in ... the fall and winter due to fast root growth. After the boot stage, there is not much additional ... regions. Winter cover crops moderate temperatures in the winter. Standing crops have higher soil ...

  3. Pollinator Quick Guide: What You Can Do to Help Bumble Bees

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/ent-81

    flowers to pack their bodies full of fat to survive the winter. Each queen will spend the winter burrowed ... die with the winter’s cold, including the old queen, old workers and old drones. Commercial bumble bee ... new queens for winter. Bumble bees will forage on many different flowers, and they can fly farther ...

  4. Cool-Season Turfgrasses for Sports Fields and Recreational Areas

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/str-1

    Groups Traits Compact Compact, dark, long winter dormancy, good stress resistance Midnight Compact, dark, ... long winter dormancy, good stress resistance (except stem rust) America Fine leaf, high density, ... moderate winter dormancy and stress resistance Mid-Atlantic Medium-high density, deep roots and rhizomes, ...

  5. Understanding Soil Microbes and Nutrient Recycling

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/SAG-16

    nutrients like N-P-K-S to be tied up in the soil. Winter cover crops soak up excess soil nutrients and ... supply food to all the microbes in the soil during the winter months rather than microbes having to use ... no-till conditions and winter cover crops. Cover crops and manure can be used to feed soil microbes and ...

  6. Enhancing Food (Mast) Production for Woodland Wildlife in Ohio

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/f-60

    high in energy content and available well into the winter months. For many Ohio wildlife species, hard ... mast is a key food source for survival during the winter months when other sources of nutrition are ... not available in great quantities in winter months. During drought years, soft mast may be a crucial ...

  7. Phytophthora Root and Crown Rot of Fruit Trees

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/plpath-fru-06

    sometimes confused with those suffering from winter injury. Figure 1. Apple root infected with Phytophthora ... and collapse such as “wet feet” (drowning) or winter injury. Roots on trees killed by excessive water ... Discoloration from winter injury is usually confined to the above-ground part of the trunk, particularly on the ...

  8. Making and Preserving Sauerkraut

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/hyg-5364

    Late Dutch —a late season variety with 10 to 15 pound heads, excellent for fall or winter use Stone ...

  9. Food Preservation: Freezing Vegetables

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/HYG-5333

    amounts into containers and freeze. Squash: winter — — Select firm, mature squash with a hard rind. Wash, ...

  10. Cane Blight of Raspberries

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/plpath-fru-10

    pycnidia. This ooze gives the bark a dark-gray, smudgy appearance. During winter, infected canes commonly ... survives over winter on infected or dead canes. The following spring, spores are released and carried by ...

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