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  1. Spray Irrigation of Reclaimed Wastewater for Rural Homes

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/AEX-758

    Winter Winter weather in Ohio presents some special concerns for irrigation of treated wastewater. Some ... concerns under winter conditions. Irrigation sprinklers are installed on risers above the expected maximum ... Environment Farm Management water quality wastewater on-site irrigation using wastewater water reuse winter ...

  2. Bumble Bees in Ohio: Natural History and Identification of Common Species

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/ent-84

    the winter. Each queen will spend the winter burrowed about 10 inches below ground, emerging in spring ... to start a new colony. All the members of the old colony die with the winter’s cold, including the ...

  3. Using Cover Crops to Improve Soil and Water Quality

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/anr-57

    rate, planting and killing date. Winter grass cover crops (cereal rye, annual ryegrass) accumulate N in ... the fall and winter due to fast root growth. After the boot stage, there is not much additional ... regions. Winter cover crops moderate temperatures in the winter. Standing crops have higher soil ...

  4. Wheat Growth Stages and Associated Management

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/agf-126

    Formed (late fall or early spring) Winter wheat can continue to tiller for several weeks. Depending upon ... the onset of winter dormancy. Most of the tillers that contribute to grain yield are completed during ... this stage. Winter wheat plants are prostrate or “creeping” at this stage. In the spring, between ...

  5. Phytophthora Root and Crown Rot of Fruit Trees

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/plpath-fru-06

    sometimes confused with those suffering from winter injury. Figure 1. Apple root infected with Phytophthora ... and collapse such as “wet feet” (drowning) or winter injury. Roots on trees killed by excessive water ... Discoloration from winter injury is usually confined to the above-ground part of the trunk, particularly on the ...

  6. Food Preservation: Canning Soup

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/hyg-5340

    Table 5. Homemade soups are something to savor, especially on a cold winter night. They can be a quick ...

  7. Bitter Rot of Apple

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/plpath-fru-20

    humidity (80–100%). The fungi survive the winter in dead wood or mummified fruit that were infected during ... disease. Cankers generally develop only on stressed or weakened trees, especially winter-injured trees. ...

  8. Bushels, Test Weights, and Calculations

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/agf-503

    No. Shelled Corn (lb) Soft Red Winter Wheat (lb) Six-Rowed Malting Barley (lb) Two-Rowed Malting ... standards for small grains like soft red winter wheat, barley, and oats, but soybean grades are not impacted ... for Shelled Corn, Soft Red Winter Wheat, Barley, and Oats. U.S. Grade Minimum Test Weight (lb/Bushel) ...

  9. Controlling Non-Native Invasive Plants in Ohio Forests: Privet (Ligustrum spp.)

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/F-103

    species. Exotic privets leaf out early in the spring and retain their leaves through early winter, giving ... purple to nearly black in late fall and persist into winter (Figure 4). Fruit is mildly toxic to humans ... early winter when most native plants have gone dormant. Foliar applications of non-residual herbicides ...

  10. Using Soil to Remove Pollutants From Wastewater

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/aex-745

    especially during winter and spring. Where saturation occurs, microorganisms rapidly deplete oxygen, and the ...

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