2023 Ohio Wheat Performance Test

July 24, 2023
combine harvesting wheat

Laura Lindsey & Matthew Hankinson

Results from the 2023 Ohio Wheat Performance Test are now online at: https://ohiocroptest.cfaes.osu.edu/wheattrials/default.asp?year=2023 This year’s report includes 74 winter wheat varieties and 16 brands grown in five counties (Wood, Wayne, Darke, Union, and Pickaway).

In fall 2022, wheat was planted at four out of five locations within 14 days of the fly-free date. Fall growth was limited by lack of rainfall, but entered dormancy in good condition. Cool temperatures and adequate subsoil moisture led to a long grain fill period and very high-yielding conditions. However, grain moisture was higher and harvest dates were later than normal. Dry conditions in May resulted in lower-than-average disease incidence, and there was insufficient data at the disease nursery to provide Fusarium head blight, leaf blotch, and glume blotch ratings. Grain yield averaged between 83.1 and 125.6 bu/acre among the five locations.

The purpose of the Ohio Wheat Performance Test is to evaluate wheat varieties, blends, brands, and breeding lines for yield, grain quality, and other important performance characteristics. This information gives wheat producers comparative information for selecting the varieties best suited for their production system and market. Varieties differ in yield potential, winter hardiness, maturity, standability, disease and insect resistance, and other agronomic characteristics. Selection should be based on performance from multiple test sites and years.