The purpose of the Ohio Wheat Performance Test is to evaluate wheat varieties, blends, brands, and breeding lines for yield, grain quality, and other important performance characteristics. This information gives wheat producers comparative information for selecting the varieties best suited for their production system and market. Varieties differ in yield potential, winter hardiness, maturity, standability, disease and insect resistance, and other agronomic characteristics. Selection should be based on performance from multiple test sites and years.
In fall 2016, wheat was planted at three out of the five locations within two weeks of the fly-free date. Wheat was planted 17 and 15 days after the fly-free date at the Wood County and Wayne County locations, respectively, due to 1.3-1.4 inch of rainfall between September 26 and October 3. Slightly above average temperatures through December promoted early growth, and wheat entered dormancy in good to excellent condition. Wheat growth and development were a week to ten days earlier than normal due to above average temperatures in March and April. Generally, harvest conditions were favorable and earlier than normal. Overall, grain test weight averaged 56.0 lb/bu (compared to an average test weight of 58.4 lb/bu in 2016). Grain yield averaged between 87.1 and 109.1 bu/acre at the five locations.