2014 Ohio Wheat Performance Results Available

Aug. 18, 2014

Results of the 2014 wheat performance evaluation are available at:  http://www.oardc.ohio-state.edu/wheattrials/.  Currently, report text is unavailable.  However, tables with yield and agronomic characteristics are available online.

The purpose of the Ohio Wheat Performance Test is to evaluate wheat varieties, blends, brands, and breeding lines for yield, grain quality and other important performance characteristics. This information gives wheat producers comparative information for selecting the varieties best suited for their production system and market. Varieties differ in yield potential, winter hardiness, maturity, standability, disease and insect resistance, and other agronomic characteristics.  Depending on variety and test site, yields varied between 76.8 and 129.9 bushels per acre, and test weight ranged from 56.9 to 61.1 pounds per bushel. Selection should be based on performance from multiple test sites and years.

The 2013-2014 growing season had unusual weather, but wheat yields were overall good.  In fall 2013, wet field conditions and later than usual soybean harvest delayed wheat planting. Above average temperatures in October allowed for excellent emergence and early growth.  The extended warm temperatures promoted tillering and most fields entered winter dormancy in good to excellent condition.  In January and February, many areas of Ohio experienced negative air temperatures.  Additionally, many areas experienced above average snowfall.  Wheat survival the following spring was good.  Cool spring temperatures slowed wheat growth and delayed green-up.  May and June temperatures were fairly cool which resulted in an extended grain fill period.  Harvest was later than normal due to delayed maturation and rainfall.  Lodging was greater than usual; however, grain yield was good.  High grain yield is partly due to the gradual maturation of the crop resulting in an extended grain fill period.

-Laura Lindsey and Richard Minyo